Taking on allergies
Allergy treatment and allergy tests at 1170 Vienna. Allergy refers to an immediate “classic” allergic reaction, whose symptoms generally occur within 30 minutes. Symptoms include: hay fever, conjunctivitis, hives (urticaria), gastrointestinal disorders, allergic asthma and, the most dangerous, shock. Triggers mostly originate from our natural environment: e.g. pollen, mites, animal hair, fungi, food, insecticides.
As regards contact dermatitis, unlike in an instant allergic reaction, the first symptoms generally only occur within 2 to 3 days after contact with the allergen. Triggering substances are often found in our (civilized) professional or private environment. This includes many naturally occurring substances or synthetic compounds: ointment bases, preservatives, medicinal products, fragrances, dyes, disinfectants, rubber chemicals, synthetic resins, adhesives, herbal ingredients, hairdressing materials, metals.
Taking on allergies. Allergies usually start quite harmlessly, for example in the form of a hay fever, which is annoying and usually goes away after a few weeks – until next year… However, an examination and a consultation with the allergist is advisable at the initial stage of an allergy. The aim of allergological diagnostics is not only to determine if you are allergic, but also which allergens you react to. After all, if you know “your allergens”, you can avoid them, if necessary. In addition, in the early stages of an allergy, more effective measures can be taken to permanently reduce the discomfort, which may also prevent the worsening of the symptoms or an extension to other allergens. In most cases, the diagnosis is simple and through the anamnesis (medical history) and a prick test the results are clear. Sometimes, however, being able to identify the triggering allergens without any doubt is like detective work. The knowledge and experience of an allergy specialist is often necessary. To begin an allergological diagnosis, an allergy anamnesis is performed. This is a detailed interview of the patient asking for all information that might be of interest in connection with a suspected allergic disease. We will then inform you about the further course of the diagnosis, explain the meaning and purpose of the tests and what you should consider before, during and after the allergy testing. For example, it is important to remove certain medications that suppress the allergic symptoms before testing, as they could adversely affect the test results. The further course of diagnosis depends on the outcome of the anamnesis, for example on the nature of your symptoms and when these symptoms occur. In most cases, firstly a skin test is required, which is usually the next step. In allergological skin testing, allergen extracts or contact allergens are brought on or into the skin to see if they cause a locally limited allergic reaction. The following skin tests can be performed: Prick test, Intradermal test, Rub test, Scratch test, Patch test. If effects on the skin test are present, they are then interpreted, and further procedure is discussed. A positive skin test is by itself not yet an evidence of allergy. In many cases, the diagnosis of allergy can be made by the doctor without further testing, if the skin test results and the anamnesis are well-matched. Otherwise, further skin tests with other allergens or using other skin testing methods may be required. Laboratory tests (total IgE, allergen-specific IgE) or provocation tests may also be carried out at this point.
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